Definition - What does Building Code mean?
Building code is a set of rules in a country, state or a particular geographical area that specifies the minimum standards for design, construction, quality of materials, use and occupancy, safety and maintenance of various types of buildings to protect life, health, property and public welfare. It is a useful tool for architects, engineers, builders, regulators and users for various purposes. Some building codes are very complex and exhaustive.
It is important in the context of occupational safety and health as it deals with many issues directly related to workers safety and preventions of hazards at workplace.
Building code is also known as building regulations or building control.
Safeopedia explains Building Code
The purpose of the building code is to establish minimum standards for design, construction, quality of materials, use and occupancy, location and maintenance of all buildings to safeguard life, limb, health, property and public welfare.
Building codes generally covers the following:
- Definitions, scope and enforcement - covers various definitions and terms, purpose and scope and enforcement instructions
- General building requirements, control and regulations - classification on occupancy and general requirements for such groups
- Fire protection, occupant safety and accessibility - fire and safety related issues
- Building materials - standards of building materials
- Structural design - about designing of the building
- Construction practices and safety - construction safety instructions for the site
- Electrical services - including heating, ventilating and air-conditioning, sound insulation, lifts and escalators
- Plumbing services - including water supply, drainage and sanitation, fuel and gas supply etc.
- Alterations and additions to and change of existing building - as built drawing and inspections
- Signs and outdoor displays - includes all signs to be used in and out of building