Definition - What does Struck-by Hazard mean?
A struck-by hazard refers to an accident in which a worker is hit and injured by an object, tool or equipment. Struck-by hazards are mostly related to improper material and equipment handling and poor housekeeping.
Safeopedia explains Struck-by Hazard
Struck-by hazards originate from many sources. The most common include:
Accidental hits by cranes, heavy equipment and loader trucks etc.
Falling, flying, slipping, rolling and swinging equipment and materials
Poorly stacked heavy materials that may fall, slip and slide
Concrete constructions while being constructed
Poor housekeeping, such as a tools or equipment left on edges or shelves
Objects leaning against walls or posts
Unmarked low beams or pipes at site
No screen guard at site for objects flying off
Unusual work such as demolition of buildings, tree trimming, pruning and felling etc.
To reduce struck-by hazards at a workplace, the following preventive actions are recommended:
Follow safety instructions and standard operating procedures
Training of personnel that use the equipment and orientation with the workplace
Strict supervision, monitoring and controlling
Safety inspections and audits
Use of appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) by the workers, such as clothing, headgear, and safety glasses
Marking all hazardous areas and have administrative control for visitors including notices and signs
Maintaining good housekeeping, such as stacking and piling of materials appropriately
Arrange appropriate nets to prevent or catch falling objects
Secure tools and equipment with lanyards to the workers to prevent them from falling
No lifting equipment or loads beyond an equipment's designed capacity
All lifting equipment must be tested and inspected before use