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Struck-by Hazard

Definition - What does Struck-by Hazard mean?

A struck-by hazard refers to an accident in which a worker is hit and injured by an object, tool or equipment. Struck-by hazards are mostly related to improper material and equipment handling and poor housekeeping.

Safeopedia explains Struck-by Hazard

Struck-by hazards originate from many sources. The most common include:

  • Accidental hits by cranes, heavy equipment and loader trucks etc.

  • Falling, flying, slipping, rolling and swinging equipment and materials

  • Poorly stacked heavy materials that may fall, slip and slide

  • Concrete constructions while being constructed

  • Poor housekeeping, such as a tools or equipment left on edges or shelves

  • Objects leaning against walls or posts

  • Unmarked low beams or pipes at site

  • No screen guard at site for objects flying off

  • Unusual work such as demolition of buildings, tree trimming, pruning and felling etc.

To reduce struck-by hazards at a workplace, the following preventive actions are recommended:

  • Follow safety instructions and standard operating procedures

  • Training of personnel that use the equipment and orientation with the workplace

  • Strict supervision, monitoring and controlling

  • Safety inspections and audits

  • Use of appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) by the workers, such as clothing, headgear, and safety glasses

  • Marking all hazardous areas and have administrative control for visitors including notices and signs

  • Maintaining good housekeeping, such as stacking and piling of materials appropriately

  • Arrange appropriate nets to prevent or catch falling objects

  • Secure tools and equipment with lanyards to the workers to prevent them from falling

  • No lifting equipment or loads beyond an equipment's designed capacity

  • All lifting equipment must be tested and inspected before use

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