Definition - What does Push Factors mean?
Push factor is a geography term that is used to describe any kind of influencing factor that motivates a person to leave one's country or region, but can also be applied to ones organization, religion etc.. It is often used with a negative connotation to describe existing problems, distresses or flaws in a particular country that may cause a person to consider migrating elsewhere; somewhere with better pull factor.
Safeopedia explains Push Factors
Examples of potential problems that may cause a geographic push factor include a lack of jobs or opportunities, famine/drought, poor medical care, persecution, natural disasters, pollution, or poor housing. Of the many reasons for migration, the most common push factors are economic in nature, however there are also many different health and safety concerns that underpin migration and push factors.