If you need to administer first aid in an emergency and blood or body fluids are present, make sure that you use the correct PPE. You should have access to latex gloves, goggles, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, and respirators, which should be found in an accessible first aid kit. After exposure, immediately wash your hands using a soft bacterial soap.

While most needlestick pricks or cuts in the workplace do not result in disease, there is always a chance of becoming contaminated when you are exposed to blood or body fluids. The most common diseases are Hepatitis B and C.

If you have contact with blood or body fluids in the workplace, report the incident to your supervisor and get medical care. If you have an occupational health service at your place of work, inform them of the incident. If you are unsure of the source of the contaminant, you should be tested for Hepatitis B and C, as well as HIV. You may also be tested for these diseases, even if you know the source of the infection.

If you find out that you have contracted a disease, check with your doctor if it is safe for you to keep working. You may be required to stay in hospital or take bed rest at home.