Definition - What does Electrical Safety mean?
Electrical safety refers to any safety precautions taken against electricity. Electricity is undoubtedly one of the most basic needs in modern life, but electrical hazards are very dangerous.
Some of the serious injuries you can receive from electricity include electrical shocks, electrical burns, and electrocution, which could be fatal. Electrical safety precautions can protect against electrical shocks and burns, and authorities responsible for workplace safety ensure that workers are following the correct safety procedures while dealing with electricity.
Safeopedia explains Electrical Safety
Some electrical devices pose a higher threat to life because of high voltage and high electrical power, so workers must take further safety precautions when dealing with these devices. The human body is a conductor, so if it comes in contact with electricity, it could become a part of the circuit, which causes electrical shocks. The most common electrocution occurs when a person comes in contact with unsafe equipment or an uninsulated wire, thus becoming part of the electric circuit.
Safety precautions could be different for the home and the workplace, depending on the electrical devices being dealt with. To prevent any unwanted situations, take the most basic electrical safety measures recommended by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), which are listed below:
- Avoid touching any electrical wire without safety gloves, even if the wire is insulated and seems safe. In addition to gloves, your footwear must also be safe. It's best to always assume the electric wire is unsafe to touch.
- If you are working at a power station or remote area to fix something at height, always perform a brief inspection of the area to look for possible threats and eliminate them before beginning work.
- If there is water on the floor, or your hands, feet, or other body parts are wet, never deal with electricity. If there is dampness in the area where you are supposed to fix the electrical wiring or device, try to take as many safety measures as possible.
- If you are qualified and authorized to repair electrical wires or devices, always gather the full information about the power lines, including voltage and current, before getting started.
- Never forget to ground the electrical device you are dealing with. Grounding the electrical device gives electricity another path to pass through, so you don’t become part of the circuit if you accidentally come into contact with the electricity.
- While you're performing maintenance on an electrical device, make sure that electrical circuit breakers are in place so you're safe if an undesirable situation of exceeding electricity occurs.
- Always refer to the safety precaution manual, and check for all the safety equipment before coming in contact with electrical wires or devices.