Definition - What does Ergonomics mean?
Ergonomics is the study of people at work that aims to reduce the physical stress and resulting injuries associated with working, such as overuse injuries, poor posture and more serious muskuloskeletal disorders. Ergonomics aims to reduce such injuries by designing work spaces, tools, tasks and equipment that help maintain the physical health of workers.
Free Webinar - Sitting Disease and Ergonomics: Evidence & Best Practices
Safeopedia explains Ergonomics
The aim of ergonomics ranges from providing a safe work environment to the employees to increasing their competence and comfort. It can also improve work efficiency.
Within a particular workplace, domains of specialization demonstrate deeper competencies in ergonomics, which are elaborated below:
- Physical Ergonomics: This is concerned with the impact of workers' anatomical, anthropometric, physiological and biomechanical distinctiveness as they conduct physical activity.
- Cognitive Ergonomics: This is related to the mental processes, such as insights, memory, analysis, and motor response, as they influence the connections between workers and other elements of a system.
- Organizational Ergonomics: Combines elements of both physical and cognitive ergonomics, and encompasses the latest of these areas. This area works to optimize social and technical systems, together with their organizational structures and policies.