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Carbon Monoxide (CO)

Definition - What does Carbon Monoxide (CO) mean?

Carbon monoxide is a gas that is less dense then air. It has no color, no taste and no smell. It is a toxic gas when inhaled in higher concentrations. It is found in the fumes that are produced when burning fuels used in vehicles, small engines, stoves, gas ranges and furnaces. Toxic carbon monoxide levels can build up in indoor areas that are not well ventilated, proving deadly to those who breathe it in.

Safeopedia explains Carbon Monoxide (CO)

Carbon monoxide has triple bonds in which oxygen is connected with a carbon atom. Out of the three bonds two are covalent bonds. Carbon monoxide is produced by partial burning of carbon containing compounds. In biological activities carbon monoxide is produced by the breakdown of hemoglobin. It is used in the chemical industry for the production of aldehydes.

It is also used in the meat industry for meat coloring to make the meat look fresh. In the medicine industry carbon monooxide is used as anti-inflammatory.

When zinc Zn reacts with calcium carbonate CaCO3, it forms Zinc oxide ZnO and calcium oxide CaO plus Carbon monoxide CO. The reaction can be shown as follows:

Zn + CaCO3 - ZnO + CaO + CO

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