What Does Leave of Absence (LOA) Mean?
A leave of absence (LOA) is an employer-authorized period of time during which a worker is away from their primary job. During this time the worker retains their status as an employee and all related benefits (salary, compensation, insurance, and so on).
A leave of absence is different than normal periods away from the workplace that may be designated for work-leave benefits, such as paid holidays, vacations, sabbaticals, and "working from home" programs. Instead, it is considered exceptional circumstances and needs to be approved by a supervisor or other general manager.
Leaves of absence may be paid or unpaid based on previous arrangements. Depending on individual jurisdictions, it is at the employer's discretion to approve or reject a LOA request.