Hi Bryan McWhorter here with Safeopedia and we're doing our series on Safety Management System Simplified.

Again, that safety management system is so important. So we want to break it down and do bite sized pieces. Look at the main five components and make sure that you have everything in place that you need to keep your workers safe.

That first one was Hazard Identification and Control. And the second one is Training those hazards really uncovering them and having control measures in place.

Check out all five of the Safety Management System Simplified; Hazard Identification and Control, Training, Inspections, Incident Investigations and Documentation and Reporting.

Do not help anybody. If people don't know about them, you take any football coach and they'll tell you, they don't have to convince their team to want to win. Everyone wants to win. What they do. What they do need to do is supply their teams with a strategy, equip them and give them the support needed for success.

Safety is no different people don't want to get hurt, but they need to know what they need to do to stay safe. They need to understand the hazards, the risks associated with those hazards and what those control measures are that keep them safe.

In training, one of the things I'll always point out is there's a big difference between hazards and danger. We can work around the hazards all day long and never be in danger. As long as we know those control measures and follow them. Once we disregard a control measure, we just cross from hazard to danger. We don't want that. We want to keep people safe.

Okay? So you identified your hazards. Now what? You need to train your people. And if they're exposed to say noise levels of 85 decibels or higher, where they have to wear hearing protection, you need a hearing conservation program. So they need to be trained in that. If they're dealing with equipment where they might have to shut it down, perform maintenance, doing lockout, tagout, they need lockout tagout.

So those control measures for your hazard identification are going to show you what you need to train people in. Now, there are two levels of training. You're going to have awareness training and performance training.

We will use lockout tag out as an example.

Let's say you have people that you know, are operators on equipment, but they're never going to be shutting them down. They need awareness of lockout tag out. So in other words, they need to know that if that equipment is locked out, they leave it alone. They don't remove tags. They don't try and start it up. If they're going to perform lockout tag out, then they need performance training. They need to be trained so that they have the capability and the skill set to be able to competently lock out that equipment, stay safe doing it. So for that level of training, they're gonna take a little bit more intense training. They'll have to do a test to show that they're confident. There's actually an observation you need to do to make sure that again, they understand how to do lockout tag out.

Same with say driving a forklift. Awareness training might be if you've got employees working in an area where there are going to be forklifts, they need to understand the pedestrian path and where the forklift lanes are. They need to understand things like wait for the wave. If you're going to be near a forklift where the forklift drivers working wave at them and make sure they wave back at you, acknowledging that you see each other. A great program.

If they're going to drive a forklift. Now that's a whole another level of training. Again, they've got to show that they have competence to drive that. So they've got to do training, take a test and be observed, actually doing the driving and often go through say a 90 day period where it's just kind of a learner's permit.

So you're gaining skill and you have someone kind of watching them and keeping an eye on them as they're gaining that skill.

Okay. So first step again is hazard identification control. Second part is training.

If you ever have an issue and OSHA does come in, they're going to want to look at your training programs. They're going to want to know that employees have been trained for doing the work that they're doing, and they have the level of skill they needed. They need to keep themselves safe.

So that training program is a very important component. Again, if we have identified the hazards and the control measures, but we don't tell anybody about them. We're not equipping our players for the game. We're not keeping people safe. So a training component is very important.

Okay. Check out the next, video where we're going to cover Inspections. Till next time Bryan McWhorter here with Safeopedia, stay safe.