Job safety analysis is an accident prevention technique that should be used in conjunction with the development of a set of job safety instructions, safe systems of work and job safety training.
Work measurement is used to break a job down into its component parts and measures the quantity of work in each of the component parts to make human effort more effective. From experience, standard times have evolved for particular component operations and these enable jobs to be given a time.
Job safety analysis uses the SREDIM principle:
- Select (work to be studied)
- Record (how work is done)
- Examine (the total situation)
- Develop (best method of doing work)
- Install (the method into the company’s operation)
- Maintain (this defined and measured method)
The basic procedure is as follows:
- Select the job to be analyzed
- Break the job down into its component parts in an orderly and chronological sequence of job steps
- Critically observe and examine each component part of the job to determine the risk of accident
- Develop control measures to eliminate or reduce the risk of accident
- Formulate written and safe systems of work and job safety instructions for the job
- Review safe systems of work and job safe practices at regular intervals to ensure their utilization