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National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

Last updated: October 14, 2018

What Does National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) Mean?

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) protects the rights of employees in the private sector of the United States, for their freedom of association to improve wages and working conditions. It is an independent federal agency created under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935, which was further amended in 1947 and 1959. It affirmed laborer's rights to organize and collective bargaining through their elected representatives.

Safeopedia Explains National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was established under the National Labor Relations Act of 1935. On July 5, 1935, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Act into law and the NLRB was validated by the Supreme Court in 1937. In 1947, the Labor Management Relations Act transformed NLRB to a judicial body with the power of prosecution of unfair labor practices.

The NLRB has two main parts, the board and the general counsel. Five members of the board are appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate for a five-year term. It acts as an appellate judicial body. Its headquarters are situated in Washington, DC and has over 30 regional offices throughout the country. The regional offices conduct elections, investigate charges, facilitate settlements, decide cases and enforce orders. The general counsel is appointed for a four-year term by the President with the approval of the Senate. The general counsel acts as the prosecutor.


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