Definition - What does Wilderness Act mean?
The Wilderness Act is a law passed by the United States Congress in 1964 that is aimed at preserving natural areas by declaring them as wilderness areas. Wild plant and animal species and the appearance of the natural landscape are preserved in these areas under the Act which is enforced by the US Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management.
Safeopedia explains Wilderness Act
Commercial and industrial activities are generally prohibited in Wilderness areas, and any activity that may impact a nearby wilderness area may have to be conducted in accordance with strict guidelines. Mineral leasing for mining companies is possible within the confines of the Act, but any activities are required to have a minimal long-term impact on these natural areas. Companies operating in such areas will receive specifications for the management of sites and activities and must adhere to these.