Definition - What does Smart Growth mean?
Smart growth is an urban planning and transportation strategy which is implemented when building towns and cities that helps to prevent urban sprawl. Smart growth strategy is a term that is used most in North America. Smart growth strategies aim to ensure good city layout for long term population growth and sustainability. It is also called "compact city" in other places.
Safeopedia explains Smart Growth
Smart growth strategies enable cities to grow in ways that help to preserve open space, support economic prosperity and minimize loss of wildlife and pollution. One main principle that is involved when implementing smart growth strategies involves building rural, urban and suburban communities that have housing and transportation near schools, shops and work opportunities. This helps to promote local businesses and protect the environment.