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Refuse-Derived Fuel

Last updated: January 12, 2017

What Does Refuse-Derived Fuel Mean?

Refuse-derived fuel is fuel that is produced from repurposing waste. Combustible waste can be converted into fuel using waste conversion technology. The waste is usually shredded and dehydrated prior to use at a Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) processing facility. The fuel usually consists of materials like plastics and biodegradable waste.

Safeopedia Explains Refuse-Derived Fuel

In order to reduce the amount of material that is sent to landfills, combustible materials are separated from non-combustible materials. The resulting fuel is used in power-plants, either as a replacement for coal or as an additional fuel. In the EU, refuse-derived fuel is often used in the cement kiln industry. The profitability of this type of fuel is debatable, and the method of combustion must be clean in order to reduce air pollution during combustion.


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