Definition - What does Caustic Compound mean?
A caustic compound is one that is able to burn, corrode, dissolve or be eaten away. A caustic compound differs from a corrosive one in that caustic compounds are strong alkali bases. They do not refer to acids or oxidizers.
Common caustic compounds are sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, and calcium hydroxide. Some weak bases, such as ammonia, are caustic in a concentrated form. Some organic compounds, such as carbolic acid, are also caustic in nature.
Safeopedia explains Caustic Compound
Caustic compounds are commonly used in the workplace. Their high level of chemical reactivity speeds up many processes. Caustic compounds are also common in many household cleaners. Once used, caustic compounds should either be recycled or neutralized before being disposed of.
It is imperative that all people working with caustic compounds wear personal protective equipment. This should include, as appropriate, gloves, safety goggles, aprons, safety shoes, and a face shield.