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Fracture / Dislocation

Last updated: November 12, 2018

What Does Fracture / Dislocation Mean?

Fracture of a bone is a medical condition or a trauma injury in which the bone breaks or cracks. It is generally caused by high force impact or stress during an accident, sports activity or work. It may also be caused by medical condition such as weaken bone. Dislocation of bone a bone is also a medical condition in which the general arrangement of bones are discontinued or when the bones that are usually be connected at a joint, separate.

Safeopedia Explains Fracture / Dislocation

Fractures can be of different types such as:

  • Transverse fracture - break right across a bone
  • Comminuted fracture - bone is shattered into many pieces
  • Greenstick fracture - bone partly fractures, but does not break completely
  • Hairline fracture - a partial fine line break at the bone
  • Impacted fracture - when one bone is fractured and its one part goes into another
  • Longitudinal fracture - the break is along the length of the bone
  • Oblique fracture - A fracture that is diagonal to a bone's long axis
  • Spiral fracture - one part of the bone has been twisted
  • Compression (crush) fracture - occurs in the vertebra due to osteoporosis
  • Fracture dislocation - a dislocated joint with one of the bones has fracture
  • Pathological fracture - bone fracture caused by weakened bone due to disease
  • Stress fracture bone fracture because of repeated stresses and strains
  • Torus (buckle) fracture - bone deforms but does not crack
  • Avulsion fracture - bone breaks by muscle or ligament pulls

Symptoms of fracture include:

  • Very painful
  • Loss of movement
  • Swollen or bruised
  • Area deformatted
  • Discolored
  • In most cases it is visible where the bone protrude out

Dislocation is the condition when at a joint, the bones are not in their normal positions. Dislocation occurs at a variety of different joints such as ankle, knee, hip, elbow and shoulder etc. Dislocation incidents may repeat over time. Its symptoms include:

  • Numbness or tingling at the joint
  • Very painful
  • Limits movement
  • Swollen or bruised
  • In most cases these are visible

For both, fracture and dislocation, it must be treated by the doctor or competent medical personnel.


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